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The types and functions of the speaker parts

The speaker parts are the main parts of loudspeaker, mainly have T-Yoke & washer, ferrite magnet, voice coil, damper, frame, cone, dust cap, gasket etc. The quality of different loudspeaker is composed of different specification of speaker parts, so the difference of price is large.Different speaker parts has the different roles, such as the function of T-Yoke is to conduct magnetism, the function of ferrite magnet is to store magnetism, which can make the speaker to create a magnetic field, The voice coil is the core parts in the loudspeaker, which connect to the outside power and make the loudspeaker work, The damper is used for sustaining the voice coil and cone to combine better, to make sure its vertical without skew. There are many concentric rings in damper, which can make the voice coil move up and down freely rather than move horizontally in the magnetic gap, and ensure the voice coil will not collide with washer. The main function of speaker frame is to support the paper cone to connect the other speaker parts stably, it’s quality directly affects the voice. The function of dust cap is to prevent the dust particles into the voice coil, which will influence the speaker’s normal operation. And the function of gasket is to fix the edge of cone, which can make the the cone move up and down better, and absorb the acoustic wave which spread by cone.
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